Tools

Conversion Formulas

All calculations based on net footages

Board footage (FBM)

FBM = LF x Width ÷ 12 x Thickness

Example:
To convert 3000 LF of 8" x 1.25"; calculate 3000 x 8 ÷ 12 x 1.25 = 2500 FBM

Price/m fbm into price/lf

Price/M ÷ 12 x Width x Thickness ÷ 1000 = Price/LF

lineal footage (LF)FBM = LF x Width ÷ 12 x Thickness

LF = FBM ÷ Width x 12 ÷ Thickness

Example:
To convert 1500 FBM of 6" x 1.5"; calculate 1500 ÷ 6 x 12 ÷ 1.5 = 2000 LF

Price/LF into Price/M FBM

Price/LF x 12 ÷ Width ÷ Thickness x 1000 = Price/M

Waste Factors

Remember that you will nearly always incur a minimum waste of 35% in top grades. Few species are less, several are more. We can guide you in this matter at the time of your order. To avoid unnecessary waste, state the quantity and finished sizes of the pieces that you wish to make. We will select lumber that will cut up as economically as possible, within the practical limits of sorting. You are always welcome to come in and select your own material if this is convenient.

Lumber Weights

Approx. Weight in lbs. per 1000 Board Feet

Domestic Hardwoods4/4"8/4"
Alder KD Rgh 2480 2610
Ash - Brown KD Rgh 3650 3900
Ash - White KD Rgh 3650 3900
Aspen KD Rgh 2390 2520
Basswood KD Rgh 2000 2100
Beech KD Rgh 3990 4200
Birch - Red KD Rgh 3500 3700
Birch - Western KD Rgh 3550 3740
Birch - White KD Rgh 3600 3750
Birch - Yellow KD Rgh 3500 3700
Butternut KD Rgh 2390 2515
Cherry KD Rgh 3400 3600
Elm KD Rgh 3270 3450
Hickory KD Rgh 3850 4000
Maple - Curly KD Rgh 2900 3100
Maple - Hard KD Rgh 3500 3700
Maple - Soft KD Rgh 2900 3100
Maple - Western KD Rgh 3010 3170
Maple - Wormy Soft KD Rgh 2900 3100
Oak - Red KD Rgh 3800 4000
Oak - White KD Rgh 4175 4390
Poplar (American Yellow) KD Rgh 2700 2800
Sap Gum KD Rgh 3010 3170
Sycamore KD Rgh 3100 3260
Imported Hardwoods4/4"8/4"
Anigre KD Rgh 2900 2610
Banak KD Rgh 2920 3900
Beech - European Steamed KD Rgh 3580 3900
Bubinga KD Rgh 4870 2520
Cedar - Spanish KD Rgh 2300 2100
Goncalo Alves KD Rgh 5300 4200
Jatoba KD Rgh 5000 3700
Mahogany - African KD Rgh 2750 3740
Mahogany - S. American KD Rgh 2800 3750
Makore KD Rgh 3540 3700
Marupa KD Rgh 2300 2515
Padouk KD Rgh 3750 3600
Purpleheart KD Rgh 4500 3450
Sapele KD Rgh 3500 4000
Sipo KD Rgh 3550 3100
Teak KD Rgh 3800 3700
Wenge KD Rgh 4750 3100
Zebrawood KD Rgh 4250 3170
WoodExotic Weight per MBF

Acacia

4,500

African Mahogany

3,200

Aneigre

2,900

Banak 2,900

Bubinga

4,870

Cumaru

6,000

Euro Steamed Beech 3,800

Genuine Mahogany

3,200

Goncala Alves

4,600

Ipe

6,000

Jatoba

5,800

Makoré

3,700

Marupa

2,900

Purple Heart

5,200

Santos Mahogany

5,300

Sapele

3,800

Sipo

3,700

Spanish Cedar

2,950

Teak

4,000

Zebrawood

4,250

Softwoods4/4"8/4"
Douglas Fir KD Rgh 2300 2420
Eastern White Pine KD Rgh 2300 2420
Hemlock KD Rgh 2750 2890
Ponderosa Pine KD Rgh 2650 2790
Western Red Cedar KD Rgh 2800 2950

How we measure

LUMBER

Most of our lumber is sold using "Board Measure" (BM) except where otherwise noted. The "Board Foot" (Bd. Ft. or BF) is the unit of measure. This is a measurement of Volume and each BF contains 144 cubic inches. All measurements are based on the net measure of the rough board. Nothing is added for shrinkage.

All of our rough lumber is in random widths and lengths. Only the rough thickness is a constant and prices will vary from one thickness to another. In other words, a pile of 1" thick lumber may contain boards 5" wide and wider x 6' long and longer. These minimums are determined by the grade and the mixture of sizes in any given pile will be different. You will need to inquire for specific lengths and widths at time of ordering.

Here is the formula for calculating BF using the rough sawn dimensions of the board.

Length (feet) x Width (inches) x Thickness (inches)
12

VENEER

All of our veneers are measured and sold by the Square Foot (SF). The sizes vary depending on species, log size and inventory on hand.

OTHER MISCELLANEOUS ITEMS

Some of our solid species such as D4S stock, squares and burls are more conveniently measured and sold by the pound (lb.), lineal foot (ln. ft.), lineal inch (ln. in.) or per piece (pc. or each). These will be identified along with the price where necessary.

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