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Elm, Red

Heartwood is a light to medium brown, sometimes with a hint of red, sapwood is a pale white or cream colour. Grain is sometimes straight, but commonly interlocked.

Thicknesses

Subject to availability

4/4
5/4
6/4
7/4
8/4
9/4
10/4
12/4
16/4
20/4
1/2"
3/4"
1"

Distribution

Eastern to Midwest United States

Scientific Name

Ulmus rubra

Specific Gravity: Basic

0.48

Specific Gravity: 12% MC

0.6

Janka Hardness

860

Colour/Appearance

Heartwood is light to medium reddish brown. Paler sapwood is usually well defined.

Grain/Texture

Grain is interlocked (making it very resistant to splitting). With a somewhat coarse, uneven texture.

Endgrain

Ring-porous; large to very large earlywood pores in a continuous row two to four pores wide, small latewood pores in wavy bands; tyloses occasionally present in earlywood; growth rings distinct; parenchyma vasicentric and confluent; medium rays, spacing normal.

Rot Resistance

Rated as non-durable; susceptible to insect attack. Living trees are susceptible to Dutch elm disease.

Workability

Can be a challenge to work because of interlocked grain, especially on quartersawn surfaces. Planing can cause tearout and/or fuzzy surfaces. Poor dimensional stability. Glues, stains, and finishes well. Responds well to steam bending, and holds nails and screws well.

Odor

Elm usually has a strong, unpleasant smell when green; though once dried has very little odor.

Allergies/Toxicity

Although severe reactions are quite uncommon, Elm in the Ulmus genus has been reported as a sensitizer. Usually most common reactions simply include eye and skin irritation.

Pricing/Availability

Should be moderately priced, though availability from mature trees has been greatly diminished by Dutch elm disease.

Sustainability

This wood species is not listed in the CITES Appendices or on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species.
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