Products / Lumber / Makoré
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Makoré

Beautifully grained and sometimes highly figured wood. Ranges from light, pink red to deep red or reddish brown. Sapwood is clearly demarcated and much lighter. May stain blue in contact with iron when damp. Note: fine dust can cause dermatitis and irritate nasal passages and airways.

Thicknesses

Subject to availability

4/4
5/4
6/4
7/4
8/4
9/4
10/4
12/4
16/4
20/4
1/2"
3/4"
1"

Distribution

Western and Middle Africa (from Sierra Leone to Gabon)

Scientific Name

Tieghemella heckelii, T. africana

Specific Gravity: Basic

0.55

Specific Gravity: 12% MC

0.69

Janka Hardness

1200

Colour/Appearance

Heartwood pink or reddish brown, sometimes with streaks of mild colour variation. Yellowish sapwood can be two to three inches wide, and is clearly demarcated from the heartwood. Figured grain patterns (such as mottled or curly) are a common occurrence.

Grain/Texture

Grain generally straight, though interlocked or wavy grain is sometimes present. Fine even texture with good natural luster.

Endgrain

Diffuse-porous; medium pores predominantly in radial multiples of 2-4; tyloses and other deposits present; growth rings indistinct; rays not visible without lens; parenchyma reticulate/banded.

Rot Resistance

Heartwood is very durable, and is also resistant to insect attack.

Workability

Generally easy to work, though sections with interlocked grain can cause tearout during planing or other machining operations. Makore will react when put into direct contact with iron, becoming discoloured and stained. Makore also has a pronounced blunting effect on cutters due to its high silica content. Besides this dulling effect, Makore turns well, and is easy to glue and finish.

Odor

No characteristic odor.

Allergies/Toxicity

Although severe reactions are quite uncommon, Makore has been reported to cause eye, throat, and skin irritation, as well as headache, giddiness, and central nervous system and blood effects.

Pricing/Availability

Available in lumber and veneer form. Prices should be in the mid range for an imported hardwood. Boards and veneer with figured grain patterns are likely to be much more expensive.

Sustainability

This wood species is not listed in the CITES Appendices, but is on the IUCN Red List. It is listed as endangered due to a population reduction of over 50% in the past three generations, caused by a decline in its natural range, and exploitation.
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