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Mahogany, Santos

Santos Mahogany has a medium colour range, varying between a light orange brown with yellowish overtones to a dark reddish purplish brown.

Thicknesses

Subject to availability

4/4
5/4
6/4
7/4
8/4
9/4
10/4
12/4
16/4
20/4
1/2"
3/4"
1"

Distribution

Southern Mexico and Central and South America

Scientific Name

Myroxylon balsamum

Specific Gravity: Basic

0.74

Specific Gravity: 12% MC

0.91

Janka Hardness

2400

Colour/Appearance

There is a fair degree of colour variation between boards of Santos Mahogany, ranging from a lighter golden brown to a darker purplish red or burgundy. The colour tends to turn more red/purple with age. Quartersawn sections can show a striped or ribbon pattern.

Grain/Texture

Grain is usually interlocked, with a medium to fine texture. Good natural luster.

Endgrain

Diffuse-porous; medium pores in no specific arrangement; commonly in radial multiples of 2-3; reddish brown heartwood deposits common; growth rings usually indistinct, sometimes distinct due to discontinuous bands of marginal parenchyma; rays not visible without lens; parenchyma vasicentric and confluent.

Rot Resistance

Rated as very durable in regards to decay resistance, with mixed reports on susceptibility to insect attack.

Workability

Santos Mahogany has a noticeable blunting effect on cutting edges. Working characteristics are rated as fair to poor, on account of both its density and its interlocked grain. Staining or gluing can sometimes be problematic, though the wood finishes well.

Odor

Santos Mahogany has a very distinctive spicy scent when being worked. Trees from the Myroxylon genus are used to make Balsam of Peru, an ingredient used in perfumes.

Allergies/Toxicity

Although severe reactions are quite uncommon, Santos Mahogany has been reported to cause skin and respiratory irritation.

Pricing/Availability

Should be in the mid-range for an imported timber; comparing similarly to other exotic hardwoods used in flooring, such as Ipe.

Sustainability

This wood species is not listed in the CITES Appendices or on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species.
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