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Jatoba

Attractive burgundy, deep red, or orange tone, and some can even have dark black stripes highlighting a strong visible grain pattern. Can exhibit quite a large colour variation from one board to the next.

Thicknesses

Subject to availability

4/4
5/4
6/4
7/4
8/4
9/4
10/4
12/4
16/4
20/4
1/2"
3/4"
1"

Distribution

Central America, southern Mexico, northern South America, and the West Indies

Scientific Name

Hymenaea courbaril

Specific Gravity: Basic

0.77

Specific Gravity: 12% MC

0.91

Janka Hardness

2690

Colour/Appearance

Heartwood varies from a light orangish brown to a darker reddish brown, sometimes with contrasting darker grayish brown streaks. Colour tends darken upon exposure to light. Sapwood is a light grayish yellow, clearly demarcated from the heartwood.

Grain/Texture

Grain is typically interlocked, with a medium to coarse texture. Good natural luster.

Endgrain

Diffuse-porous; large pores, very few; solitary and radial multiples of 2-3; mineral deposits (dark brown) occasionally present; parenchyma vasicentric, aliform (lozenge or winged), confluent, and marginal; narrow to medium rays, normal spacing.

Rot Resistance

Jatoba is rated as being very durable in regards to rot resistance, and is also resistant to termites and most other insects. (Though it has been reported to be susceptible to attack from marine borers.)

Workability

Jatoba is considered difficult to work with on account of its density and hardness, and has a moderate blunting effect on tool cutters. Jatoba also tends to be difficult to plane without tearout due to its interlocking grain. However, Jatoba glues, stains, turns, and finishes well. Responds well to steam-bending.

Odor

No characteristic odor.

Allergies/Toxicity

Although severe reactions are quite uncommon, Jatoba has been reported to cause skin irritation.

Pricing/Availability

Available in satisfactory sizes and widths as lumber, and also available as flooring planks. Jatoba is inexpensive for an imported timber.

Sustainability

This wood species is not listed in the CITES Appendices, and is reported by the IUCN as being a species of least concern.
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